The Rangertone was an early tape recorder developed by Colonel Richard Ranger, who played a key role in bringing German recording technology to the United States at the end of World War II.The focus throughout the series is on the technologies that have been used by musicians to expand on the resources available in traditional, acoustic instruments. Each article documents important musical compositions that have employed these technologies and provides a reference list of texts about this first era of electronic music technology.
Part I: The Electronic Century – Beginnings
Part II: Tales of the Tape
Part III: Computers and Analog Synthesizers
Part IV: The Seeds of the Future
Pierre Schaeffer established the first electronic-music studio in France in the 1940s. Schaeffer is shown here in 1952 with two versions of the phonogene, a variable-speed tape recorder built by Jacques Poullin.